SPS Related Provision
The Agreement on Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures is one of the various agreements under the World Trade Organization. This agreement has given the members the right to enact laws necessary to protect the health of plants, animals, and humans.
The import/export of agricultural products should not have a negative impact on the health and life of plants, animals, and people. If it is proven that there will be an impact, the member who imports such goods can impose restrictions. Provisions imposing such restrictions (rules, guidelines, orders, procedures, standards, inspection, testing and verification process, production of agricultural products and quarantine treatment, etc.) should not be unnecessary obstacles to trade but should be based on science or based on international standards, should be implemented in a way that does not discriminate between members. Likewise, to maintain harmonization in SPS related provisions to be implemented by various members, it is mentioned in the agreement on the hygiene of agricultural products that can be based on the provisions set by the Codex Alimentarius Commission, International Plant Protection Convention, and World Organization for Animal Health respectively in the field of food hygiene, plant, and animal health.
To make this information transparent, every member must compulsorily establish SPS National Notification Authority and National Enquiry Point. Due to manpower, physical structure, coordination, and financial reasons, one body has been found doing work related to SPS National Notification Authority and National Enquiry Point.